Does the mutualism between wood ants (Formica rufa group) and Cinara aphids affect Norway spruce growth?

TitleDoes the mutualism between wood ants (Formica rufa group) and Cinara aphids affect Norway spruce growth?
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsKilpeläinen J., Finér L., Neuvonen S., Niemelä P., Domisch T., Risch A.C., Jurgensen M.F., Ohashi M., Sundström L.

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