Diversity and abundance of the understorey vegetation increases with increasing overstorey diversity in the canopy

It is assumed that the diversity of the understorey vegetation increases with increasing overstorey diversity in the canopy. The overstorey diversity effects on herb layer diversity and abundance are caused by a direct effect of canopy complexity and an indirect effect of the overstorey diversity on the humus layer dynamics; in turn, amore diverse and abundant understorey has a positive feedback on litter decomposition and nutrient cycling.

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